Indian Church History Classics (ICHC) - Volume 1

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15 Church History Classics On India's Ancient Malabar Christians Of St. Thomas

Here are 15 of the most oftquoted RESOURCE CLASSICS describing authentically the origins, history, culture, personalities, divisions and unions, spread, vicissitudes, and achievements of the unique Nazraney ("ney"as in honey or money) Christians of Kerala, claiming their origin from Apostle Thomas at the dawn of the Christian Era in 52 AD, as well as their manifold contributions to Indian and World Christianity in particular and in general to Humanity at large. The publishers have added pleasure in fulfilling a long felt need of scholars, at a time when great tidings are arriving from these Indian Oriental Christian communities.

The volume contains special introductions to each individual work/author by scholars who have devoted a lifetime to the study of these works. For example Dr. Mundadan introduces the work of Medlycott while Dr. Vellian introduces the twin volumes of Farquhar. Others who have contributed introductions include:The volume contains all the material such as indices, prefaces, dedications, and introductions contained in the original edition.

Produced To The Specifications Of The Best World-Class Libraries

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Now for the first time all these well-known works are available in a single, compact, ENCYCLOPEDIC, volume, newly type-set in easy-to-read, modern type faces, and printed in an attractive format, making use of the best available materials and craftsmanship. In the giant pages of the present work measuring 9 in. by 12 in. you can now browse through or deeply study the complete story of these Christians and their contacts down the centuries with various civilizations and peoples across the Arabian Sea and along the Western Indian Coast from the Near East, Middle East, and the West not to mention their interesting rendezvous with various races and cultures in India itself from beyond the mountain ranges known as the Western Ghats.

Lasting open-bound hard-cover library edition with Gold leaf printed and embossed front and spine with a glorious full colour jacket and a thick transparent "overall".

There are perhaps only a dozen or so usable copies of most of these works now available in the whole world. This volume is being brought out at 'the specific request of many libraries and scholars who would like to have their own complete, uncut copies of these It provides a rare chance collections. Also it is a con to institutions and faculties interested in the depend on short and/ t quotations from these of guiding Masters and Doctoral candidates.

Volume ONE Containing 15 complete books on sale now

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The Nazranies 

  • A whole library containing 15 costly books plus lengthy extracts from 22 more.

  • Detailed autographed introductions ranging from 1000 to 3000 words to each book plus a 10,000-word General Introduction by noted authorities

  • Indices.

  • Library bound with gold-leaf stamped and embossed cover and spine.

  • Protective full-colour jacket and transparent "overall".

  • Over 600 large size pages of 12" x  9" each containing more than a thousand words.

  • Some 500 First-ever" photographs, art reproductions and other visual aids-hundreds in glorious full colour-including many in the giant page size.

The full set will be in three uniform volumes:

  • Vol. I The Nazranies. (on sale now)

  • Vol. II The Catholics (other than the Nazranies in the press)

  • Vol. Ill The Christians (other than the Nazranies / Catholics in the press)

Media Talk about The NAZRANIES

India Today ( October 12,1998)
"A detailed history of the various Christian sects of Kerala. One of those perennial reference manuals"

The Hindu Daily (Tuesday, August 4, 1998)
" This volume attempts to trace back to the source , the traditions, customs,cultural trends and historical insights relating to the Nazranies, i.e the St Thomas Christians of Malabar (Kerala)"

Dr. Mar Aprem - Metropolitian
".... In addition to the indices, prefaces, dedications etc contained in the original books this volume provides a lengthy general Bibliography and a Chronology. Further each book is introduced by well known scholars. All theological scholars and history Departments of secular Universities should have a copy of this encyclopedic work"

Dr. A.M Mundadan
"Another bold attempt by a person of the calibre of Prof. George Menanchery- a new set of publications under the mast of South Asia Research Assistance Services (SARAS). The professor has already established a name by publishing Vols. 1 & 2 of the St. Thomas Christian Encyclopedia of India- two weighty volumes both in content and style. This volume reproduces 15 classics in full and lengthy extracts from some 22 other such classics." 


Books reproduced in full:

  • GEDDES: A short history of the Church of Malabar together with   The Synod of Diamper.

  • G.T. MACKENZIE: Christianity in Travancore.

  • GEORGE CATHANAR: The Orthodoxy of the St.Thomas Christians.

  • MEDLYCOTT: India and The Apostle Thomas.

  • A SYRIAN CATHOLIC: A Synopsis of the history of the Syrian Church in Malabar.

  • PANJIKARAN: The Syrian Church in Malabar.

  • BERNARD: A Brief Sketch of the History of the St. Thomas Christians.

  • FARQUHAR: The Apostle Thomas in North India.

  • FARQUHAR: The Apostle Thomas in South India.

  • D’CRUZ: St. Thomas the Apostle in India.

  • PLACID: The Syrian Church of Malabar.

  • JOB: The Syrian Church of Malabar.

  • KAITHANAL: Christianity in Malabar.

  • DANIEL: The Syrian Church of Malabar.

  • JUHANON MAR THOMA: Christianity in India and the Mar Thoma Syrian Church.

Lengthy extracts included from:

  • ADRIAAN MOENS: The Dutch in Malabar.

  • JAMES HOUGH: The History of Christianity in India.

  • FRANCIS DAY: The Land of the Permauls or Cochin its past and its   present.

  • C.M.AGUR: Church History of Travancore.

  • LADISLAS-MICHEL ZALESKI: The Apostle St. Thomas in India.

  • J.N. OGILVIE: The Apostle of India.

  • W.S. HUNT: The Anglican Church in Travancore & Cochin.

  • GILLE A.: Christianity at Home.

  • K.P. PADMANABHA MENON: History of Kerala.

  • K.M. PANIKKAR: Malabar and the Dutch.

  • L.K. ANANTAKRISHNA AYYAR: Anthropology of the Syrian Christians.

  • A. MINGANA: Early Spread of Christianity.

  • JOHN STEWART: Nestorian Missionary Enterprise.

  • H. HOSTEN: The Song of Thomas Ramban.

  • GEORGE SCHURHAMMER: The Malabar Church and Rome during the
    Portuguese period & c

  • P. CHERIYAN: The Malabar Syrians and the Church Missionary Society.

  • H.HOSTEN S.J.: Antiquities from San Thome and Mylapore.

  • H.W. CODRINGTON: Studies of the Syrian Liturgies.

  • D. FERROLI, S.J.: The Jesuits in Malabar.

  • GERARD GARITTE: The Georgian Narrative of the Martyrdom of St. Thomas.

  • S.S. KODER et al: The Cochin Jews.

  • ALEXANDER MAR THOMA: The Marthoma Church Heritage and Mission.

The Nazranies : A Rough Chronology

30                            The Crucifixion.

40s                           Apostle Thomas in the service of King Gondaphares in Takshasila

52 Nov 21                  St. Thomas, the apostle, landed at Cranganore (Kodungalloor, in the present Thrissur District)

52-72                       The Apostle builds 7 churches: Palayoor, Kodungaloor, Parur, Kokamangalam, Niranam, Nilackal, Kollam.

72 Jul. 3                    Martyrdom of St. Thomas in the vicinity of Mylapore, Madras.

98-117                     Mesopotamia and Assyria become Roman provinces.

190                          Pantaenus, probably the founder of the famous Catechetical School of Alexandria, visited India and the Nazranies.

232                          Sassanians become a major power.

325                          Archbishop John, of Persia and Great India, at the first Ecumenical Council of Nicea.

345                          Thomas of Cana from Persia landed at Cranganore with 72 families of immigrants.

340-360                    By the Thazhekad Sasanam the Nazranies granted special rights and privileges.

400                          North Pudukkad church founded.

480                          St. Hormis church, Angamaly founded.

500                          Enammavu church founded.

503                          St. George church, Edappally founded.

510                          Udayamperore (Diamper) church built.

522                          Cosmas Indicopleustes visits South India.

570                          Birth of Mohammad, Prophet of Islam in Mecca.

825                          Mar Sabor and Mar Proth at Quilon.

849                          King Ayyanadikal of Venad, by the Tharisappalli copper plate grants reconfirms the 72 royal privileges of the Nazranies.

883                          King Alfred's envoys Sighelm and Aethelstan conveys alms to St.Thomas in India.

1293                        Marco Polo, a Venetian traveller, visited the tomb of St. Thomas (at Mylapore), and Kerala.

1324                        Oderic the Italian Franciscan speaks about Mylapore.

1329 Aug.9               Jordan Catelani appointed first bishop of the diocese of Quilon created by Pope John XXII.

1348                        The Papal representative John Marignoli at Quilon.

1439                        Pope Eugene writes to Thomas, Emperor of the Indians.

1490                        Two Chaldean bishops John and Thomas in Kerala.

1493 May 4               Division of the world and mission lands between Spain and Portugal by Pope Alexander VI.

1498 May 20             Vasco de Gama lands at Kappad near Kozhikode.

1499                        Cabral at Kozhikode.

1500 Nov 26              Franciscan Friars at Cochin.

1502 Nov 7               Vasco de Gama at Cochin. 

1503                        Dominican Priests at Kochi.

1503                        Mar Yabella, Mar Denaha and Mar Yakoob in Kerala.

1503 Sep 27              Work commenced on Cochin Fort and the Santa Cruz church .

1514                        Portuguese Padroado begun.

1514                        Jewish migration from Kodungalloor to Kochi.

1514 Jun 12               Portuguese Funchal rule over Christians in India.

1524 Dec 24              Vasco de Gama buried at St. Francis Church, Fort Cochin.

1534 Nov 3               Goa Diocese errected. The Parishes of Kannur, Cochin, Quilon, Colombo and Sao Tome (Madras) belonged to it.

1540                        The Franciscan Fr.Vincent De Lagos starts the Cranganore Seminary.

1542 May 6              St. Francis Xavier, Apostolic Nuncio in the East, reaches Goa.

1544-45                   St. Francis Xavier in Travancore.

1548                        Dominican Monastery founded in Cochin.

1549                        Mar Abuna Jacob, A Chaldean Bishop, stayed at St. Antonio Monastery, Cochin.

1550                        First Jesuit House in Kochi.

1552 Dec 3               Death of St. Francis Xavier.

1555                        Mattancherry Palace was built by Portuguese for the King of Cochin.

1557                        Pope Paul IV erects the Diocese of Cochin.    Canonization process of Francis Xavier begun at Cochin.

1565                        Archdiocese of Angamaly erected.

1567                        Jews shifted Mattancherry.

1568                        Synagogue of White Jews built in Cochin.

1577                        Vaippicotta Seminary of the Jesuits started.

1579                        Augustinians reached Cochin.

1583                        Synod at Angamaly by Bishop Mar Abraham.

1597                        Bishop Mar Abraham, the last foreign Archbishop, died and was laid to rest at St. Hormis church, Angamaly.

1599 Dec 20             Fr. Francis Roz was declared bishop of Angamaly.

1599 Jun 20-26         Archbishop Alexis Menezes convenes the Synod of Diamper (Udayamperoor).

1600 Aug 4              Padroado rule imposed on Nazranies.

1601                        Francis Roz was appointed as the first Latin bishop of the St. Thomas Christians.

1609 Dec.3               Erection of the Diocese of Cranganore. The Archdiocese of Angamaly suppressed.

1610 Dec 22             The Metropolitan of Goa limits the Pastoral Jurisdiction of Nazranies to Malabar.

1624                        Dominican Seminary at Kaduthuruthy.

1626 Feb 5               Edappally Ashram started for the Religious Community of St. Thomas Christians

1652 Aug 23              Mar Ahathalla in Madras, not allowed to enter Kerala.

1653 Jan 3               Coonan Cross Oath at Mattancherry, Cochin.

1653 May 22             Mar Thoma I ordained bishop at Alangad by the laying of hands by 12 priests.

1657                        Apostolic Commissary Joseph of St. Mary ocd (Sebastiani), a Carmelite, in Malabar.

1659 Dec 3               The Vicariate of Malabar is erected by Pope Alexander VII.

1659 Dec 24             Joseph Sebastini bishop and appointed the Vicar Apostolic of Malabar.

1663 Jan 6              The Dutch conquer Cochin and destroy Catholic churches and institutions in Cochin, except the Cathedral and the chruch
         of St. Francis Assisi.

1663 Jan 31            Mar Chandy Palliveettil is consecrated the first Vicar General of the Malabar Vicariate by Bishop Mar Joseph Sebastiani.

1682                        Seminary for Syrians at Verapoly.

1686                        Hortus Malabaricus in 12 volumes printed in 17 years.

1687 Jan 2               Bishop Mar Chandy Palliveettil expires.

1700 Feb 20             Fr. Angelus Francis, a Carmelite, is appointed as the Vicar Apostolic of Malabar.

1709 Mar 13             Vicariate of Malabar is suppressed and the Vicariate of Verapoly is erected by Pope Clement XI.

1772                        First Malayalam book Sampskhepa Vedartham (Rome) by Clement Pianius.

1773                        Pope Clement XIV suppresses the Jesuit Order, except in Russia and Prussia.

1782 Dec 16            Kariyattil Joseph elected Archbp. of Cranganore; Consecr. Lisbon 1783; Died Goa on the way back to Malabar,
          9th Sept. 1786.

1785                        Varthamanappusthakam, the first written travelogue in India by Paremakkal Thomma Kathanar.

1795 Oct 20            Conquest of Cochin by the British.

1818                        C.M.S missionaries in Kerala.

1838 Apr 24           Dioceses of Cochin and Crnaganore are annexed to the Vicariate of Verapoly.

1838                        The Queen of Protugal suppressed all religious Orders in Portugal and in her mission lands.

1840 Apr 10           St.Thomas Christians came under the archdiocese of Verapoly.

1861 May 20          Bishop Rocos sent by the Patriarch of Chaldea reaches Kerala.

1867 May 7            Property donated by Syrians to the King of Portugal to start a Seminary at Aluva. It was administered by the Diocese
         of Cochin.

1867                        The Portuguese Missionaries start a seminary at Mangalapuzha for Syrian students.

1874                        Bishop Mar Elias Melus sent by the Patriarch of Chaldea reaches Kerala - Melus Schism.

1876                        The “Marthoma Church” comes into being -- Palakkunnathu Mathews Mar Athanasious.

1876 Sep 19,20        Ollur Conference. The Apostolic Visitor Leo Meurin attends the conference.

1886                        The Archdiocese of Cranganore is suppressed.

1886 Sept 1            Erection of the Catholic Hierarchy in India by Pope Leo XIII.

1887                        Establishment of the Syro-Malabar Hierarchy by the Brief “Quod Jam Prideus” of Pope Leo XIII. Vicariates of Trichur and Kottayam.

1887 May 19          The St. Thomas Christians are totally segregated from the jurisdiction of the Archbishop of Verapoly and from the Padroado.

1887 May 20          The Vicariates of Kottayam and Trichur reorganized and the Vicariate of Changanacherry, Ernakulam and Trichur were formed.

1911 Aug 29          Pius X restored the Vicariate of Kottayam for the Suddhists of the Syro-Malabar Rite, descendants of the immigrants of A.D. 345.

1917 May 1            The Oriental Congregation is formed by Pope Benedict XV.

1923 Dec 21           Establishment of the Syro-Malabar Hierarchy with Ernakulam as the Metropolitan See, and Trichur, Changanacherry and Kottayam as Sufragan Sees.

1930 Sept 20          Reunion of the eminent Jacobite Archbishop Mar Ivanios, Bishop Mar Theophilus, Fr. John O.I.C., Bro. Aledxander and Mr. Chacko Kilileth with the Catholic Church.

1932 June 11          The establishment of the Syro-Malankara Hierarchy by Pope Pius XI. Mar Ivanios becomes Archbishop of Trivandrum, and Mar Theophilus Bishop of Tiruvalla.

1933 June 1            Puthenpally Seminary is shifted to Aluva.

1950 July 18           The Portuguese Padroado over the Diocese of Cochin (from 1557 Feb. 4 till 1950 July 18) suppressed and the Diocese of Cochin handed over to native clergy.

1950 July 25           Erection of the diocese of Palai by Pope Pius XII.

1952 Dec 28-31      Jubilee Celebration of St. Thomas and St. Francis Xavier at Ernakulam.

1953 Nov 11          Cardinal Eugene Tisserant, secretary of the Sacred Oriental Congregation, visits the Syrian Catholics of Malabar.

1953 Dec 31           Erection of the diocese of Tellichery by Pope Pius XII.

1956 Jan 10            Pope John XXIII raised the diocese of Changanacherry into an Archdiocese with Kottayam and Palai as Suffragan Sees.

1956 July 29           Erection of the diocese of Kothamangalam under the Archdiocese of Ernakulam.

1956 Nov.1            The present ‘Kerala State’ is established.

1962 Mar.31           Chanda Mission, outside Kerala, for the Syro-Malabar Church.

1962 July.3             Revised Syro-Malabar Liturgy in force. Holy Mass in Malayalam.

1969 Mar.28           Archbishop Mar Joseph Parecattil of Ernakulam Cardinal.

1969 May               All-India Seminar Church In India Today . T.En. Conceived.

1972 Dec.27,          The 19th Centenary of the Martydom of St. Thomas the Apostle is celebrated at Ernakulam under the auspices of Catholic, Jacobite, Marthoma and C.S.I. Churches.

1973 April 7           T.En. published by Carrdinal Parecattil at the Cardinal House Ernakulam. H.H. Moran Mar Augen I Catholicos presided. Also on the dais were Mar Phelexinos, Mar Mankuzhikkary, Mar Pawathil, ...

1973 July 3             The Governor of Kerala and the Cardinal release the St. Thomas Stamp and the T.En.II for sale.

1986 Feb. 1-10       Visit of Pope John Paul II to India.

1986 Feb. 8            Fr. Chavara Kuriakose Elias and Sr. Alphonsa are proclaimed blessed by Pope John Paul II.

1988 May. 30         Mar Antony Padiyara of Ernakulam Cardinal.

1992 Dec.16           Pope John Paul II raises the Syro-Malabar Church to a Major Archiepiscopal Sui Juris Church with the title of Ernakulam - Angamaly Quae Majori. His Em. Cardinal Paidyara first Major Archbp.; Archbp. Abraham Kattumana Pontifical Delegate.

1993 May. 20-25   The first synod of the Syro-Malabar Church.

1995 May               Trichur elevated to an Archbishopric.

1996                        Mar Geevarghese (Varkey) Vithayathil (Major Archiepiscopal) Apostolic Administrator. 

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